Hazaribagh district is one of the twenty-four districts of Jharkhand state, India, and Hazaribagh town is the district capital. Hazaribagh town is also the divisional headquarters of North Chota Nagpur division. Hazaribag town is located at 23.98°N 85.35°E. It has an average elevation of 604 metres. It is famous for health resorts due to its scenic beauty, excellent climate and thickly forested area and for Hazaribagh National Park, which is 17 km away from Hazaribagh town.
Hazaribagh district is named after its capital, the town of Hazaribagh. The word Hazaribagh is made of two Urdu words, hazar meaning 'thousand', and bagh meaning 'garden', which makes the literal meaning of Hazaribagh as 'City of thousand gardens'. The beautiful sceneries and dense forests make Hazaribagh one of the major tourist attractions of Jharkhand.
Hazaribagh district is bounded by Gaya and Koderma in the north, Giridih and Bokaro in the east, Ranchi in the south and Palamu and Chatra in the west. The district consists of 15 blocks namely Hazaribagh, Katkam Sandi, Bishnugarh, Barkagaon, Keredari, Ichak, Churchu, Daru, Tatijhariya, Katkambag, Dari, Padma, Barhi, Chauparan and Barkatha.
The Hazaribagh Wildlife National Park is one of the major tourist attractions of Hazaribagh town. It is located about 19 kilometers from the town. River Koel and its tributaries flow through the park, making it a scenic place for nature lovers. Hazaribagh National Park is now renamed as Hazaribagh Sanctuary. The sanctuary spread in an area of 184 sq km and lies at an altitude of 615 m. Rajrappa Temple is another weel known tourist attraction of Hazaribagh travel. Temple is dedicated to the Goddess Chinna Mastika. It is located on top of the hill from where Rajrappa Waterfall comes down. Telaiya Dam is another important destination for tourists during Hazaribagh travel. The Hazaribagh lake in the town also attracts tourists and visitors. The newest discovery of Hazaribag is the world's oldest cave picture Isco at a distance of 40 km from the town.
Hazaribag town is on the national highway connecting Ranchi to Patna. It is 91km away from Ranchi 91 km and 128 km from Dhanbad. The nearest airport is Ranchi and the nearest railway station is Koderma which is 59 km away.
Hazaribagh experiences Tropical Climate with hot summers and cold winters. The maximum temperature during the summer months rises to a high of 42°C. The minimum temperature of the region drops to a low of 18°C during winter. The monsoon is between July and mid-September.
Main tourist attractions in and around Harzaribagh includes Rajrappa Temple (89 kms from Hazaribagh), Narshigh Temple (dedicated to Lord Vishnu), Harihar Dham, Hazaribagh National Park, Telaiya Dam (52km from Hazaribagh), Silwar Temple Kanhari Hill, Salparni, Barso Pani, Barkattha Suraj Kund (72 km from Hazaribagh), etc.
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