The district of Latehar came into existence on 4 April 2001. Previously, it was a subdivision of Palamu district of Jharkhand State, India. Latehar has been named after the village of the same name on Ranchi -Daltonganj Road. Latehar is famous for its rich natural beauty, forest, forest products and mineral deposits.
Latehar district is situated on the north–west corner of Jharkhand between 84° 31' East longitude and 23° 44.4' north longitude. The area of the district is 3660 km², with a population of 558,831. The district is surrounded by Ranchi, Lohardaga, Gumla, Palamau and Chatra district apart from Chhattisgarh state. Laterhar district is divided into seven blocks namely Latehar, Chandwa, Balumath, Manika, Barwadih, Garu and Mahuad.
The rustic town of Latehar is the headquarters of Latehar district. It is located roughly around 95 km north-west of the state capital, Ranchi.
Latehar is a predominantly tribal district with almost 40% of the population belonging to the schedule tribes and more than 66 % of total population comprises SCs and STs. The villages are scattered amidst the dense forest, hilly terrains and agricultural fields. The number of Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes is predominantly high here and Latehar comes under Tribal Sub Plan Area. Latehar area had good missionary activities ongoing in the past. Early workers in Latehar includes the Henry D. Beckers, S. J. Hostetlers, and S. Allen Shirks; in Chandwa the John E. Beachys and the Milton C. Vogts; and Bathet by the Paul Knisses. In 1955 there were 110 church members reported in the field.
The important rivers flowing through Latehar district are Barakar, Poanchkhara, Keso, Akto, Gurio, Gukhana, Nadi and Sakri. Latehar still has the quaint old world charm, not seen in large cities in India. Main tourist attractions in Latehar district include Jhumri Tilaiya, Tilaiya Dam, Urwan Tourist Complex, Dhwajadhari Hill (Pahari), Satagawan Petro falls, Saint Paramhans Baba Tomb, Makamaro Hills, Shaktipeeth Maa Chanchala Devi
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