Simdega district of Jharkhand is carved out from Gumla district on 30 April, 2001. Simdega is located in the south-western part of the state of Jharkhand. The district is close to the capital of Jharkhand, Ranchi and to the Steel city Rourkela, in Orissa. Simdega town is the administrative headquarters of this district.
Simdega is located at 22°37' N 84°31' E / 22.62° N 84.52°E / 22.62; 84.52. It has an average elevation of 418 metres. Simdega is surrounded by Gumla district in the North, Khunti and West Singhbhum in the east, Chhattisgarh state in the west and Orissa state in the South. The district comprises 10 blocks: Simdega, Kurdeg, Bolba, Thethaitangar, Kolebira, Bano, Jaldega, Pakartanr, Bansjore and Kersai.
Main tourist attractions in and around Simdega includes Kelaghagh dam (distance of 4 km from district. a waterdam is surrounded by multiple hills ), Bhairo Baba Pahari (a cave looking like a living body), Ram rekha dham ( 26 K.M from simdega H.Q), Dangadi (situated in block Bolba. A beautiful waterfall ), KetungaDham (situated in Bano Block), Rajadera, Bhanwar Pahar etc.
Bhanwar Pahar is in Kolebira Block. Various types of Black bees (Bhanwara) are found here and thus it is said Bhanwar Pahar due to this. In ancient age these flies were used as the soldiers. It is very similar to Himachal Pradesh. Flowers of Gulaitchi on the small hill is nature's gift to villagers living in the small houses on the hill. A small natural pond exists in between the stones on the hill which will have water in all seasons. Looking the ground from the top of the small hill is a great feeling. Inside Bhanwar Pahaar, one will feel the natural air conditioning system.
Mazar of Anjaam Peer Saheeb is inside the premise of Kolebira police station !!!! . It represents a great symbol of harmony, social policing and perhapes a single example of Mazar inside a Police Station in the world. Every Year Uras Mela is organised here and people of all community flow towards Mazar and prays for peace. Tingina can be said the Ashok Vatika of Simdega. Here no other trees except Ashoka Tree exists. It is a great gift of nature to the villagers of Tingina in Jaldega Block. Bandurga is the holy place of Goddess of Sakthi, Durga Devi and situvated in Bolba Block. This place is also a choice for visitors as a picnic spot.
Simdega History, Simdega falls under the Biru kingdom during the age of emperors. The kings of Birugarh, whose ancestors were from great Ganga Vamsi (Gajapati) royal family of Kalinga-Utkala empire of Orissa ruled over this region for centuries, even during the British Colonial era. The royal family still resides at Biru or Birugarh village which is situated at a distance of about 11 km from District headquarter, Simdega on N.H.23. This region of beautiful plateau is inhabited by the simple adivasis (tribals) in great majority. This small village now evolving into a semi-township, has been popular to the missionaries, who established convents, hospitals and parishes on the lands donated by the Biru Kings and.....................................
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